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Descriptive Adjectives

Describing Words: 1000+ Descriptive Words to Describe our World!

When speaking or writing in the English language you are going to need to use descriptive words. But what are these types of describing words and how can we use them? We will look at the answers to these questions and look at examples of the different types of descriptive words.

You may be tired of always using the same adjectives and are in desperate need to add some new ones to your vocabulary. If that’s the case, then you’re in the right place! Here we will be sharing with you, the most common descriptive words and describing words. As well as, how to use gerunds, verbs, and nouns as descriptive words.

Descriptive Words

What Are Descriptive Words?

A descriptive word is a word that is used to describe something, that something could be a person, a place, a situation, or an item amongst other things. These words enable you to better explain the condition of something, for example, if you were talking about a person, you might use descriptive words to explain how that person looks. If you were talking about a country, you would use descriptive words to talk about the size of the country for example.


A descriptive word can also help you to intensify the meaning of a word or phrase.

Descriptive Words to Describe Colors

CrimsonThe crimson sun set over the horizon. (Deep red)
ScarletShe wore a scarlet dress to the party. (Bright red)
BurgundyThe burgundy wine had a rich, complex flavor. (Dark red or purple)
RoseThe rose petals were soft and delicate. (Light pink)
MagentaThe magenta flowers added a pop of color to the garden. (Purplish-red)
LavenderThe lavender fields stretched out as far as the eye could see. (Pale purple)
IndigoThe indigo dye gave the fabric a deep, rich color. (Deep blue-purple)
AzureThe sky was a brilliant shade of azure. (Bright blue)
SapphireThe sapphire earrings sparkled in the light. (Rich blue)
TurquoiseThe turquoise waters of the Caribbean were crystal clear. (Blue-green)
OliveThe olive trees provided shade from the hot sun. (Yellow-green)
LimeThe lime juice gave the drink a refreshing tang. (Bright green)
EmeraldThe emerald ring gleamed on her finger. (Deep green)
ChartreuseThe chartreuse walls of the room added a bold splash of color. (Yellow-green)
GoldThe gold medal gleamed in the athlete’s hand. (Yellow-orange)
TangerineThe tangerine sunset painted the sky with vibrant hues. ( Bright orange)
RustThe rust-colored leaves fell gently from the trees. (Orange-red)
ChocolateThe chocolate cake was rich and indulgent. (Dark brown)
BeigeThe walls were painted a soft shade of beige. (Light brown)
IvoryThe ivory wedding gown was stunning. (Creamy white)
PearlThe pearl necklace shimmered in the light. (Pale grayish-white)
SilverThe silver car gleamed in the sun. (Shiny gray)
CharcoalThe charcoal drawing was incredibly detailed. (Dark gray)

Descriptive Words to Describe Shapes

CircularHaving the shape of a circle
OvalHaving the shape of an ellipse
SquareHaving four equal sides and four right angles
RectangularHaving four sides with opposite sides parallel and equal in length
TriangularHaving three sides
DiamondHaving a rhombus shape
PentagonHaving five sides
HexagonHaving six sides
OctagonHaving eight sides
SphereA three-dimensional circular object
CubeA three-dimensional object with six square sides
CylinderA three-dimensional object with circular bases and straight sides
ConeA three-dimensional object with a circular base and a pointed tip
PyramidA three-dimensional object with a polygonal base and triangular sides that meet at a point
DiamondA two-dimensional shape with four straight sides of equal length, arranged in a diamond shape

Descriptive Words to Describe Sizes

TinyExtremely small
PetiteSmall and delicate
MiniatureSmall in size, but accurately detailed
CompactSmall and efficiently designed
LittleSmall in size or amount
DaintySmall and delicate in a pleasing way
SlimNarrow or thin in shape
NarrowLong and thin in shape
ShortNot tall in height
AverageA typical or common size
ModerateOf medium size or amount
LargeBig in size
GrandImpressive or magnificent in size
MassiveExtremely large or heavy
ColossalEnormous in size or scale
GiantVery large in size or stature

Descriptive Words to Describe Age and Time

NewShe bought a new car last week.
FreshThe bakery sold fresh bread every morning.
YoungThe young puppy was full of energy.
JuvenileThe juvenile delinquent was arrested for theft.
InfantThe infant slept soundly in her crib.
ToddlerThe toddler stumbled while taking her first steps.
AdolescentThe adolescent struggled with peer pressure.
TeenageShe was a typical teenage girl, always on her phone.
MatureThe mature oak tree provided shade on a hot day.
ElderlyThe elderly man needed help crossing the street.
AgedThe aged book was a valuable antique.
AncientThe ancient ruins of Rome attract millions of tourists every year.
TimelyThe timely arrival of the ambulance saved his life.
PromptThe prompt response to the emergency call was appreciated.
CurrentThe current pandemic has affected people all over the world.
ContemporaryThe contemporary art exhibit featured works by modern artists.
OutdatedThe outdated technology was replaced with newer models.
ObsoleteThe obsolete machinery was sold for scrap metal.

Descriptive Words to Describe Taste

BitterCoffee, dark chocolate, tonic water
SweetCandy, fruit, honey
SourLemon, vinegar, sour cream
SaltyChips, salted nuts, seaweed salad
SavorySteak, bacon, mushroom soup
SpicyChili peppers, hot sauce, curry
TangyPickles, mustard, citrus fruits
MildCream cheese, rice, cucumber
RichChocolate cake, beef stew, creamy pasta
TartGreen apples, yogurt, sourdough bread
BlandPlain rice, boiled potatoes, tofu
AstringentRed wine, tea, unripe fruit
EarthyBeets, mushrooms, root vegetables
FruityBerry jam, tropical juice, apple cider
NuttyAlmond butter, pecan pie, peanut brittle
SmokyGrilled meat, smoked salmon, roasted nuts
HerbalBasil pesto, rosemary chicken, mint tea
FloralRosewater, lavender honey, chamomile tea
CitrusyOrange juice, lemon zest, grapefruit slices
RobustEspresso, dark beer, aged cheese

Descriptive Words to Describe Sounds

LoudThunder, explosion, car horn
SoftWhisper, rustle, purr
ShrillScream, alarm, screech
MellowJazz music, warm voice, cello
MelodicSinging, bird chirping, guitar solo
HarmoniousChorus, symphony, choir
GratingNails on a chalkboard, metal scraping
JarringSiren, slamming door, breaking glass
ClangingBell, metal drum, cymbal
ThumpingBass drum, heartbeat, pounding feet
WhirringFan, blender, air conditioner
BuzzingBee, electrical wires, phone
RustlingLeaves, paper, fabric
SizzlingBacon, steak, frying pan
CracklingFire, popping popcorn, twigs
ScreechingBrakes, metal scraping, chalkboard
MurmuringWhispering, water flowing, wind
GurglingWaterfall, creek, stomach
CooingPigeon, baby, dove

Descriptive Words to Describe Touch

Descriptive WordExamples
SoftThe baby’s skin was soft like silk.
RoughThe surface of the rock was rough and jagged.
SmoothThe polished marble was smooth to the touch.
PricklyThe cactus had prickly spines all over its surface.
ColdThe ice cube was cold to the touch.
WarmThe cup of tea was warm to the touch.
WetThe raincoat was wet from the rain.
DryThe desert sand was dry and gritty.
BumpyThe dirt road was bumpy and rough to drive on.
FurryThe cat was furry and cuddly.
SlimyThe slug left a slimy trail behind it.
StickyThe tape was sticky and adhered to the paper.
TinglyThe minty toothpaste left a tingly sensation in my mouth.
NumbMy hand felt numb after holding the ice pack for too long.
JarringThe impact of the car accident was jarring and painful.
TicklishI’m ticklish on my feet and it always makes me laugh.

Descriptive Words to Describe Smell

Descriptive WordExamples
SweetThe aroma of freshly baked cinnamon rolls was sweet and inviting.
SourThe smell of spoiled milk was sour and unpleasant.
FloralThe bouquet of roses filled the room with a sweet and floral fragrance.
EarthyThe smell of freshly cut grass was earthy and refreshing.
SpicyThe curry had a spicy smell that made my nose tingle.
SmokyThe campfire had a smoky smell that lingered on our clothes.
MuskyThe perfume had a musky smell that was alluring and sensual.
FruityThe bowl of fresh fruit had a fruity smell that was refreshing.
HerbalThe tea had an herbal smell that was calming and soothing.
WoodyThe cabin had a woody smell that reminded me of the forest.
ChemicalThe cleaning solution had a chemical smell that made my eyes water.
RancidThe old cheese had a rancid smell that made me feel nauseous.
MetallicThe smell of the metalwork shop was metallic and sharp.
FishyThe fish market had a fishy smell that was overwhelming.
MustyThe old attic had a musty smell that was unpleasant.
AromaticThe herbs had an aromatic smell that filled the kitchen with deliciousness.
PungentThe onions had a pungent smell that made my eyes water.
FoulThe garbage had a foul smell that made me gag.

Descriptive Words to Describe Quantity

    ScantyBarely sufficient or inadequate
    MeagerLacking in quantity or quality
    SparseThinly scattered or distributed
    PaltryInsignificant or small in amount
    ModestLimited or moderate in amount
    1. Medium quantity:
    AdequateSufficient or satisfactory
    AmpleEnough or more than enough
    SufficientAdequate or enough to meet a need or demand
    ConsiderableLarge or significant in amount
    SubstantialLarge or considerable in amount
    1. Large quantity:
    AbundantPlentiful or ample in quantity
    CopiousLarge in quantity or number
    ProfuseAbundant or excessive in quantity
    OverflowingFilled beyond capacity or brimming over
    InnumerableToo many to be counted or too numerous to mention

    Descriptive Words to Describe Quality

    1. Poor quality:
    ShoddyPoorly made or inferior in quality
    InferiorLower in quality or value
    SubstandardBelow the accepted standard or quality
    DefectiveFaulty or imperfect in quality
    FlawedContaining defects or imperfections
    1. Average quality:
    MediocreNeither good nor bad; average
    DecentAdequate or satisfactory in quality
    StandardConforming to the accepted standard or norm
    AcceptableSuitable or satisfactory in quality
    TolerableBearable or acceptable in quality
    1. High quality:
    SuperiorHigher in quality or value
    ExcellentExceptionally good or of high quality
    PremiumOf superior quality and value
    ExceptionalUnusually good or outstanding in quality
    Top-notchOf the highest quality or excellence

    Descriptive Words to Describe the Weather

    SunnyIt’s a sunny day, let’s go to the beach.
    CloudyThe sky is cloudy, it might rain later.
    RainyIt’s a rainy day, don’t forget your umbrella.
    WindyIt’s very windy outside, hold on to your hat.
    StormyThe stormy weather caused power outages throughout the city.
    SnowyThe snowy landscape looks beautiful in winter.
    FoggyThe foggy morning made it hard to see the road.
    MistyThe misty morning made everything look mysterious.
    HazyThe hazy afternoon made the distant mountains barely visible.
    HumidIt’s very humid outside, it feels like a sauna.
    DryThe dry heat made it difficult to breathe.
    HotIt’s too hot to go outside, let’s stay indoors.
    ColdThe cold weather made me shiver even with my coat on.
    FreezingThe freezing weather caused the roads to be covered in ice.
    ChillyThe chilly breeze made me put on a sweater.
    PleasantThe weather is so pleasant today, let’s have a picnic.
    UnpleasantThe weather is so unpleasant today, I don’t want to go outside.
    DrearyThe dreary weather matched my mood.
    MuggyThe muggy weather made it hard to breathe.
    BreezyThe breezy day made flying kites so much fun.

    Descriptive Words to Describe the Environment

    PristineThe pristine beach was untouched by tourists.
    LushThe lush rainforest was home to many species of animals.
    AridThe arid desert had very little rainfall.
    BarrenThe barren land had no plants or trees.
    SereneThe serene lake was a great place to meditate.
    PollutedThe polluted air in the city made it difficult to breathe.
    NoisyThe noisy construction site made it hard to concentrate.
    VibrantThe vibrant city was alive with activity.
    TranquilThe tranquil forest was a great place to escape from the city.
    IndustrialThe industrial park was home to many manufacturing companies.
    RuralThe rural farm was miles away from the nearest town.
    UrbanThe urban landscape was full of skyscrapers and bustling streets.
    PicturesqueThe picturesque village looked like it came straight out of a postcard.
    SecludedThe secluded beach was only accessible by boat.
    MajesticThe majestic mountains were a sight to behold.
    PricklyThe prickly cactus was a common sight in the desert.
    RusticThe rustic cabin was a perfect getaway for those seeking a quiet retreat.
    ScenicThe scenic drive along the coast was breathtaking.
    WildThe wild animals in the jungle were dangerous and unpredictable.
    EerieThe eerie silence in the abandoned house made us feel uneasy.

    Learn more: Words to Describe Someone

    Types of Describing Words

    What types of descriptive words are there? There are two main types of descriptive words. Adjectives and adverbs. Adjectives are extremely important and useful in the English language. They have been around for many years, largely influential people like Shakespeare invented many during his time on Earth. They provide us with the access to describe the things around us, which comes in handy in many situations. For example, if you’re going to see a doctor about a specific issue, you’ll need to be able to describe it. If you’re writing a story, adjectives will help your audience to visualize your story more vividly. If you looking to complement or describe someone, adjectives are crucial.

    Gerunds, verbs, and nouns can also be used as descriptive words. Let’s look at each of these types of descriptive words in a little more detail.

    Descriptive Adjectives

    An adjective is used to modify or describe a noun. The adjective can give more information about a noun such as things like its size, shape, texture, or color.

    An adjective is useful when there is a selection of the same objects which have subtle differences, for example, if there were a group of fish, each one a different color. You are asked ‘which fish do you like?’ You can reply to this question by simply using the adjective, and you could say ‘the blue one.’

    Here are a few examples of adjectives in use:

    • The building is modern.
    • The pizza is delicious.
    • Her dress is elegant.
    • The concert was loud.
    • The movie was exciting.
    • The flowers are fragrant.
    • The sky is blue.
    • The lake is crystal-clear.
    • The city is vibrant.
    • The sunset was breathtaking.

    It is worth noting that an adjective is likely end with the following letters:

    -alLogical, Rational, Regional, Principal, Clinical
    -anAmerican, Mexican, Human, Suburban, Urban
    -arPopular, Clear, Lunar, Regular, Cellular, Solar
    -entDecent, Magnificent, Excellent, Independent, Fluent
    -fulBeautiful, Blissful, Helpful, Grateful, Successful
    -icAthletic, Majestic, Historic, Romantic, Comedic
    -icalMagical, Fantastical, Chemical, Logical, Historical
    -ineFeminine, Ovine, Porcine, Marine, Alpine
    -ileImmobile, Juvenile, Agile, Hostile, Infantile
    -iveAggressive, Adaptive, Creative, Positive, Productive
    -lessColourless, Thoughtless, Endless, Fearless, Pointless
    -ousGinormous, Luminous, Dangerous, Courageous, Enormous
    -someAwesome, Boresome, Tedious, Troublesome, Fearsome

    However, as with many grammar rules there are exceptions and so sometimes an adjective might not fall into one of these categories. Some of the less common endings for adjectives can be -ing, -er, -y, -ary, -ate.

    These types of descriptive words can appear anywhere in a sentence.


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